Table 2.  Forward Pricing Techniques Used for Crops Before and After Harvest in the Last Two Years
     
Before After
Forward Pricing Technique Harvest Harvest
 - - - - - - - - - - - - percent - - - - - - - - - - - -
Cash forward contracts
    Subscribers 74.2 49.8
    Non-subscribers 67.0 46.0
Hedge using futures
    Subscribers 37.4 26.9
    Non-subscribers 25.1 18.0
Buy put option
    Subscribers 30.4 21.8
    Non-subscribers 23.0 16.2
Hedge-to-arrive contract
    Subscribers 18.5 10.7
    Non-subscribers 10.9 6.2
Minimum price contract
    Subscribers 9.3 7.9
    Non-subscribers 7.1 7.4
Basis contract
    Subscribers 29.6 25.8
    Non-subscribers 29.2 22.4